Bangladesh’s capital market is currently an equity instrument market with the potential to expand its fixed income instruments and add derivatives instruments as well. According to the market classification of Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI), Bangladesh’s capital market falls in the category of frontier markets – less advanced capital markets in the developing world. With a market capitalization of USD 68.2bn as of 23rd March 2022, the market cap to GDP stands at ~16.4% which is pretty low compared to its peer countries. Foreign investors own ~11.4% of the free-float market cap and foreign investors’ contribution in overall market trade ranges from 5-12%.

How many stock exchange in Bangladesh?

There are two stock exchanges in Bangladesh – Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) and Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE). However, a major portion of the trading takes place in DSE. DSE introduced DSE broad index (DSEX) and DSE 30 index (DS30) designed and developed by S&P Dow Jones indices methodology with effect from January 28, 2013. DSEX reflects around 97% of the total market capitalization. DS30 was constructed with 30 leading companies which can be said as an investible index of the exchange. Another index, DSE Shariah Index (DSES), designed and developed by S&P Dow Jones indices methodology was introduced on January 20, 2014. There are currently 348 equities, 36 mutual funds, and only 8 corporate bonds listed in the DSE.

The capital market has gone through different reforms over the periods and the future of the market looks bright given the consistent robust growth of the economy and favorable regulatory actions.